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Here is a short outline of the Anthropic Principle and Argument, for students looking at the Argument from Design, or issues in Religion and Science.
And I have revised the various items on on Miracles and put them on a single webpage, to make them more accessible for students.
Philosophy of Religion
There is a page on the Ontological Argument, with some material taken from my Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics supplemented with further comments and reflections. Notes on Faith and Reason, serve as background to Anselm's Ontological Argument, pointing out distinctions in the relevant Latin terms in 'faith seeking unerstanding' and 'I believe in order to understand.'
Language explores issues arising from Wittgenstein's Tractatus, Logical Positivism, Verification and 'Language Games' , both generally and in relation to religious language, with brief notes on 'experiencing as', 'believing in', analogy, myth and symbolism. (This page conflates my earlier notes on religious language.)
Is the Philosophy of Religion a mistake? This is aslightly revised blog post of mine which asks whether the Philosophy of Religion can really get to grips with what religion is about.
Religion and Science, originally published in the Hodder's A-level Access series, is now available free on this website. Its chapters include: Evolution and Design, Freedom and Determinism, Miracles, Scientific Explanations of Religion and much more.
Just click on the cover for more information and to go to the text of this book.
Earlier notes on Miracles are now revised and available on a single webpage.
Plato and the Forms - gives a basic introduction to this key feature of Plato's work
The Cosmological Arguments and Was the Universe Created, or Does it Exist by Chance? were given on different occasions but on broadly the same topic. The former gives a straightforward explanation of Aquinas, the latter is more broadly based. But see also the chapter on 'The Origins of the Universe' in Religion and Science.
Augustine and the Problem of Evil gives an introduction to a major challenge to theistic belief, which is raised again by The Goodness of God in the Judaeo-Christian tradition. Belief is related to ethics in Is God Always Right?, which gives an outline of the Euthyphro Dilemma.
The nature of the self is considered in Aristotle and the soul and in Parapsychology and the debate about life after death.
Revelation through Scripture examines some of the problems of uncritically ascribing ultimate authority to religious writings.
God - thought or experience? asks about the nature and function of the word 'God'.
Freud examines his basic criticism of religion and also his views about what religion offers.
Freedom and Ethics - asks questions about whether anyone is free to choose, and how much freedom we need for moral responsibility. Free Will and Determinism This gives a very brief introduction to determinism, relevant both to issues of morality and the nature and freedom of the will.
If you are about to start examining the Divine Command Theory, take a look at these wi-phi videos by Stephen Darwall (Yale): God and Morality Part 1 and God and Morality Part 2. They are wonderfully clear and set out the main issues.
Virtue Ethics Brief notes introducing this approach to ethics, referring both to Aristotle and modern virtue ethics. Further notes, taken from sections of An Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics are available here under the title Aristotle and Virtue Ethics.
Natural Law Ethics These notes give the background to the Natural Law approach to ethics, along with my comments and a rant about economics and the need for a natural law approach to ideas about society.
Abortion and Euthanasia These notes give a basic introduction to the issues and the way in which natural law, Kantian and situationist theories might approach them.
What is Conscience? These notes are taken from the relevant sections of An Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics, giving a basic introduction to what conscience is and what part it plays within moral debate.
The Ethics of War Basic notes on the Just War theory and associated issues, taken from a lecture given in 2008.
Sexual Morality: Christian demands and modern attitudes A lecture which attempts to show that neither Christian demands nor modern attitudes are simple and uniform, but looks at some basic ways in which religion engages with sexual morality.
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